DefinitionDeaths with malignant neoplasm (cancer) of the colon, rectum, and anus as the underlying cause of death
ICD-10 codes: C18-C21
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to cancer of the colon, rectum, and anus
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Why Is This Important?Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in New Jersey and the US.
Healthy People Objective: Reduce the colorectal cancer death rateU.S. Target: 14.5 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 12.9 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-5''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to colorectal cancer per 100,000 standard population to 12.9 for the total population, 13.4 among Whites, 17.1 among Blacks, 9.5 among Hispanics, and 5.4 among Asians.
'''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-5''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to colorectal cancer per 100,000 standard population to 15.8 for the total population, 16.2 among Whites, 20.1 among Blacks, 9.5 among Hispanics, and 5.4 among Asians.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate due to colorectal cancer decreased 46% between 2000 and 2020 and, by 2013, the original Healthy New Jersey targets for Whites, Blacks, and the total population had been met. By 2020, the revised targets for Whites, Blacks, Asians, and the total population had been achieved. The rate is highest among Blacks, followed in order by Whites, Hispanics, and Asians. The rate is higher among men than among women but the gap is narrowing. County rates ranged from a low of 10 in Morris to a high of 17 in Salem.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The age-adjusted death rate due to colorectal cancer is about the same for New Jersey and the U.S., however New Jersey's rate has been decreasing more quickly.
Evidence-based PracticesScreening can find precancerous polyps (abnormal growths in the colon or rectum) so they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/basic_info/screening/ ^1^]