DefinitionIncidence rate of invasive laryngeal cancer for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of new cases of laryngeal cancer among a defined population in a specified time interval.
DenominatorDefined population in a specified time interval.
Why Is This Important?During 2018, 245 male and 72 female New Jersey residents were diagnosed with cancer of the larynx (voice box). Factors that can increase your risk of laryngeal cancer include: tobacco use, including smoking and chewing tobacco; heavy alcohol consumption; and possibly a virus called the human papillomavirus (HPV).
How Are We Doing?Between 1990 and 2018, the age-adjusted rate of laryngeal cancer in males decreased from 9.5 to 4.8 cases per 100,000. In females, the rate decreased from 2.2 to 1.1 per 100,000 during the same interval. The lifetime risk of developing laryngeal cancer is 1 in 189 for men and 1 in 769 for women.
What Is Being Done?A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm]