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Important Facts for Deaths due to Oropharyngeal Cancer

Definition

Deaths with malignant neoplasm (cancer) of the lip, oral cavity and pharynx as the underlying cause of death ICD-10 codes: C00-C14

Numerator

Number of deaths due to cancer of the lip, oral cavity and pharynx

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Why Is This Important?

About 70% of cancers in the oropharynx are linked to human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted virus. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/headneck/ ^1^] In recent years the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer has been slowly increasing among men due to its association with HPV infections, even though a vaccine to prevent HPV is available. Oropharyngeal cancer is more than twice as common among men as it is among women.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce the oropharyngeal cancer death rate

U.S. Target: 2.3 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 1.8 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-6''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to oropharyngeal cancer per 100,000 standard population to 1.8 for the total population, 1.8 among Whites, 2.1 among Blacks, 1.0 among Hispanics, and 1.5 among Asians. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-6''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to oropharyngeal cancer per 100,000 standard population to 2.0 for the total population, 1.8 among Whites, 3.6 among Blacks, 1.0 among Hispanics, and 1.5 among Asians.

How Are We Doing?

Although the age-adjusted death rate for this cancer has been holding relatively steady around 2.0 for the overall population, the death rate among Blacks declined 40% between 2005-2007 and 2014-2016. Age-adjusted death rates among males are more than triple that of females.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The age-adjusted death rate due to oropharyngeal cancer is statistically significantly lower among New Jersey residents than among the nation as a whole.

Evidence-based Practices

To lower your risk for head and neck cancers, don't use tobacco products, limit the amount of alcohol you drink, and avoid indoor tanning. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/headneck/ ^1^]
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 20 July 2019 7:57:02 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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