Health Indicator Report of Carbon Monoxide Detectors: Self-Reported Presence in Home
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless and poisonous gas that is produced by the incomplete burning of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. CO exposure is often the result of improper ventilation or inhalation of exhaust fumes from cars, trucks and other vehicles, generators, or gas heaters. Although CO poisoning can almost always be prevented, every year more than 500 Americans die as a result of unintentional exposure to this toxic gas, and thousands more require medical care for non-fatal poisoning. CO poisoning can be prevented by the installation and maintenance of CO detectors/alarms, and the proper maintenance of heating systems. Important guidelines: -Install battery-operated or battery back-up CO detectors near every sleeping area in your home. -Check CO detectors regularly to be sure they are functioning properly.
NotesSurvey question: "A carbon monoxide or CO detector checks the level of carbon monoxide in your home. It is not a smoke detector. Do you have a CO detector in your home: yes; no; don't know/not sure ?"
Data SourceBehavioral Risk Factor Survey, Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health, [http://www.state.nj.us/health/chs/njbrfs/]
Data Interpretation IssuesData from the New Jersey Behavioral Risk Factor Survey are intended to represent non-institutionalized adults in households with telephones. Data are collected using a random sample of all possible telephone numbers throughout New Jersey. Prior to analysis, data are weighted to represent the population distribution of adults by age, sex, and "race"/ethnicity. As with all surveys, however, some residual bias may result from non-response (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions) and measurement error (e.g., social desirability or recall). Attempts are made to minimize such error by use of a strict calling protocol (up to 15 calls are made to reach each household), good questionnaire design, standardization of interviewer behavior, interviewer training, and frequent, on-site interviewer monitoring and supervision.
DefinitionPercent of NJ residents who self report having a carbon monoxide (CO) detector in their home.
NumeratorNumber of people age 18 years and older reporting having a carbon monoxide (CO) detector in their home.
DenominatorTotal number of persons aged 18 and older surveyed using relevant question.
How Are We Doing?In 2015, 83.7 percent of N.J. residents reported they had a carbon monoxide detector in their home. This is higher than the 42% of homes reported by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission to have a working CO alarm (1). (1) [http://www.nfpa.org/news-and-research/news-and-media/press-room/news-releases/2014/nfpa-and-cpsc-announce-carbon-monoxide-alarm-safety-toolkit]. Obtained July 18, 2016.
Available ServicesOffice of the NJ Attorney General, fact sheet on prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning: [http://www.njconsumeraffairs.gov/News/Consumer%20Briefs/carbon-monoxide-poisoning.pdf#search=CO%20Poisoning] U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), information on the prevention of CO poisoning: [http://www.cdc.gov/CO/basics.htm] and [http://www.cdc.gov/CO/guidelines.htm]
Page Content Updated On 04/24/2018, Published on 04/24/2018