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Complete Health Indicator Report of Incidence of Melanoma of the Skin

Definition

Incidence rate of invasive melanoma of the skin for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.

Numerator

Number of new cases of melanoma of the skin among a defined population in a specified time interval.

Denominator

Defined population in a specified time interval.

Why Is This Important?

Cancer of the skin is by far the most common of all cancers. Melanoma accounts for less than 5% of skin cancer cases but causes a large majority of skin cancer deaths. Most melanoma of the skin is caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Whites have age-adjusted incidence rates that are more than 15 times higher than Blacks. People with light complexions have the highest risk of melanoma of the skin.

How Are We Doing?

During 2018, 1,309 men and 965 women in New Jersey were diagnosed with melanoma of the skin. Between 1990 and 2018, age-adjusted incidence rates for melanoma of the skin increased from 14.4 to 26.5 cases per 100,000 for males and from 10.2 cases to 16.8 cases per 100,000 in females. During the same interval, age-adjusted incidence rates increased in Whites from 13.1 to 24.6 per 100,000. The lifetime risk of developing melanoma of the skin is 1 in 36 for men and 1 in 56 for women.

What Is Being Done?

A Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness and death due to cancer among New Jersey residents. [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm]

Available Services

The New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) has many programs and partnerships related to cancer data and information, cancer resources and cancer prevention. Cancer Epidemiology Services: [https://nj.gov/health/ces/] Interactive New Jersey cancer incidence and mortality data, as well as numerous publications, are available through the NJDOH website for cancer statistics and mapping. [https://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/cancer-data/index.shtml] Office of Cancer Control and Prevention: [https://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/occp.shtml] NJ Cancer Education and Early Detection (NJCEED): [https://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/njceed.shtml] NJ Commission on Cancer Research: [https://www.nj.gov/health/ces/cancer-researchers/njccr.shtml]


Related Indicators

Health Care System Factors

Since March 2018, the USPSTF^1^ has recommended '''clinical counseling''' for young adults, adolescents, children, and parents of young children about minimizing exposure to ultraviolet radiation for persons aged 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types to reduce their risk of skin cancer. 1. United States Preventive Services Task Force. [https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/UpdateSummaryFinal/skin-cancer-counseling2 Skin Cancer Prevention: Behavioral Counseling] [last reviewed: 1/29/20]

Risk Factors

The NCI^1^ has determined that '''sun and UV radiation''' exposure (including indoor tanning) are associated with a substantial increase in the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC), and that there is fair evidence that '''intermittent acute sun exposure leading to sunburn''' is associated with an increased risk of melanoma. 1. National Cancer Institute. [https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/hp/skin-prevention-pdq Skin Cancer Prevention - Health Professional Version]. [last reviewed: 1/29/20]

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:



Data Tables


NJ Age-Adjusted Invasive Melanoma of the Skin Incidence, by Year and Sex, 1990 - 2018

SexYearAge-Adjusted Rate per 100,000Lower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 58
Male199014.413.115.8493
Male199115.714.317.1537
Male199215.113.816.4526
Male199314.913.616.2520
Male199415.914.617.3565
Male199516.715.418.1607
Male199619.818.421.4725
Male199722.220.723.8810
Male199820.218.821.7754
Male199920.118.621.6758
Male200020.118.721.6765
Male200123.822.325.4921
Male200227.125.528.81,058
Male200325.323.827.01,003
Male200428.026.429.71,116
Male200525.323.827.01,020
Male200627.325.729.01,103
Male200727.926.329.61,154
Male200828.526.930.11,206
Male200927.425.929.11,168
Male201028.126.529.81,217
Male201129.728.131.41,300
Male201228.126.629.81,259
Male201329.427.931.11,327
Male201429.528.031.21,377
Male201528.727.230.31,366
Male201627.526.029.01,304
Male201730.328.731.91,461
Male201826.525.128.11,309
Female199010.29.211.2433
Female19918.77.89.7376
Female19928.98.09.8386
Female19939.18.210.1408
Female199411.110.212.2492
Female199510.69.711.6481
Female199611.010.012.0499
Female199713.312.314.4615
Female199811.911.013.0559
Female199911.810.812.8561
Female200013.012.014.1621
Female200115.214.116.4725
Female200216.715.617.9809
Female200314.813.715.9724
Female200416.415.317.6802
Female200518.517.319.8912
Female200618.617.419.9926
Female200719.117.820.3947
Female200816.815.718.0861
Female200917.015.918.2874
Female201018.217.019.4948
Female201116.215.117.4854
Female201217.616.518.8945
Female201317.916.719.1968
Female201417.015.918.1936
Female201518.417.319.61,023
Female201616.915.818.1948
Female201717.916.819.11,022
Female201816.815.717.9965

Data Notes

Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified.

Data Sources

  • NJ State Cancer Registry, Nov 16, 2020 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver. 8.3.9, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]
  • NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released February 2021, [https://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]


NJ Age-Adjusted Invasive Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by County, Males, 2014-2018

CountyAge-Adjusted Rate per 100,000 MalesLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 22
Atlantic36.232.040.8286
Bergen23.021.225.0615
Burlington33.730.537.1437
Camden26.623.829.6356
Cape May69.960.880.1251
Cumberland21.917.427.185
Essex15.814.017.8285
Gloucester35.531.340.1277
Hudson10.89.112.7153
Hunterdon45.739.053.4186
Mercer30.827.334.7285
Middlesex21.519.523.7450
Monmouth39.336.442.5711
Morris35.732.639.0508
Ocean42.239.345.3819
Passaic17.615.320.2211
Salem35.627.545.470
Somerset31.728.035.8284
Sussex37.631.744.3162
Union20.418.023.0285
Warren31.125.138.399
New Jersey28.527.829.26,817

Data Notes

Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. Number of cases (numerator) is the total count of cases in five years.

Data Sources

  • NJ State Cancer Registry, Nov 16, 2020 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver. 8.3.9, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]
  • NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released February 2021, [https://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]


NJ Age-Adjusted Invasive Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by County, Females, 2014-2018

CountyAge-Adjusted Rate per 100,000 FemalesLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 22
Atlantic21.018.024.4188
Bergen14.112.715.5448
Burlington20.317.922.9293
Camden19.116.921.5301
Cape May39.332.747.1158
Cumberland13.19.917.158
Essex9.28.010.6224
Gloucester23.820.527.4206
Hudson6.15.07.4111
Hunterdon33.027.339.7136
Mercer13.911.816.4158
Middlesex14.312.815.9357
Monmouth25.923.728.4533
Morris22.019.724.6348
Ocean26.524.129.0565
Passaic11.710.013.7174
Salem22.716.331.046
Somerset19.516.922.4212
Sussex24.820.130.3111
Union11.910.313.8195
Warren20.715.926.672
New Jersey17.416.917.94,894

Data Notes

Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. Number of cases (numerator) is the total count of cases in five years.

Data Sources

  • NJ State Cancer Registry, Nov 16, 2020 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver. 8.3.9, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]
  • NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released February 2021, [https://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]


Age-Adjusted Invasive Melanoma of the Skin Incidence, by Race/Ethnicity, New Jersey, 1990-2018

Race/EthnicityYearAge-Adjusted Rate per 100,000Lower LimitUpper LimitNumer- ator
Record Count: 116
White199013.112.314.0887
White199113.012.113.9884
White199212.511.713.4860
White199312.711.813.5881
White199414.513.615.41,007
White199514.914.015.91,057
White199617.016.118.01,201
White199719.618.620.71,400
White199817.916.918.91,291
White199917.917.018.91,305
White200018.717.719.71,370
White200122.221.223.31,627
White200224.923.826.11,846
White200322.821.723.91,693
White200425.124.026.31,877
White200525.524.326.71,909
White200626.225.027.41,964
White200727.126.028.42,043
White200826.325.127.52,028
White200925.624.526.81,988
White201026.625.527.82,098
White201126.024.927.22,063
White201226.525.427.72,127
White201326.925.728.02,168
White201426.625.527.82,203
White201527.426.328.62,287
White201625.824.727.02,152
White201727.826.729.02,341
White201824.623.525.72,091
Black19901.60.92.714
Black19910.80.31.76
Black19921.60.82.713
Black19931.50.82.613
Black19941.00.41.98
Black19950.80.31.67
Black19960.90.41.89
Black19971.81.02.916
Black19980.90.41.78
Black19990.80.31.67
Black20000.80.31.68
Black20010.90.41.78
Black20020.60.21.36
Black20031.20.62.310
Black20041.30.72.312
Black20051.00.51.911
Black20061.50.82.415
Black20070.80.41.69
Black20080.70.31.38
Black20091.00.51.712
Black20101.10.61.914
Black20111.00.51.713
Black20120.70.31.48
Black20130.80.41.610
Black20140.50.21.17
Black20151.71.12.622
Black20160.80.41.511
Black20171.30.82.217
Black20180.50.21.18
Hispanic19903.51.95.916
Hispanic19913.31.95.418
Hispanic19923.62.15.821
Hispanic19933.01.65.115
Hispanic19942.51.44.216
Hispanic19953.82.36.022
Hispanic19964.82.97.325
Hispanic19978.45.911.548
Hispanic19985.43.47.928
Hispanic19993.92.35.926
Hispanic20003.72.35.727
Hispanic20014.22.76.233
Hispanic20023.72.55.433
Hispanic20036.34.58.452
Hispanic20046.95.09.254
Hispanic20053.52.35.131
Hispanic20063.42.24.834
Hispanic20074.83.36.644
Hispanic20085.23.87.050
Hispanic20093.82.75.242
Hispanic20104.53.26.148
Hispanic20113.62.54.945
Hispanic20125.23.96.862
Hispanic20134.63.46.055
Hispanic20144.73.56.162
Hispanic20153.92.85.151
Hispanic20163.52.64.847
Hispanic20174.03.05.255
Hispanic20184.13.15.357
Asian/PI1990**
Asian/PI1991**
Asian/PI1992**
Asian/PI1993**
Asian/PI19942.60.86.36
Asian/PI19951.60.54.25
Asian/PI19961.70.64.26
Asian/PI1997**
Asian/PI1998**
Asian/PI1999**
Asian/PI2000**
Asian/PI2001**
Asian/PI2002**
Asian/PI20031.10.42.47
Asian/PI20042.71.25.210
Asian/PI2005**
Asian/PI20062.41.24.413
Asian/PI20072.10.94.28
Asian/PI20080.80.22.05
Asian/PI20091.50.63.09
Asian/PI20101.00.32.36
Asian/PI20111.30.52.78
Asian/PI20121.30.52.77
Asian/PI20131.30.52.67
Asian/PI20141.10.52.29
Asian/PI20150.90.42.07
Asian/PI20160.80.31.67
Asian/PI20171.10.52.19
Asian/PI20180.80.31.78

Data Notes

Data for Whites and Blacks includes Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes all races. Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. **Rates/counts are suppressed if fewer than 5 cases were reported in the specified category.

Data Sources

  • NJ State Cancer Registry, Nov 16, 2020 Analytic File, using NCI SEER*Stat ver. 8.3.9, [https://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/]
  • NJ population estimates as calculated by the NCI's SEER Program, released February 2021, [https://www.seer.cancer.gov/popdata/download.html]

References and Community Resources

More information on melanoma skin cancer is available from the NJ State Cancer Registry: [https://nj.gov/health/ces/documents/briefs/melanoma_skin_incidence.pdf] and [https://nj.gov/health/ces/documents/reports/melanoma_report.pdf].

Page Content Updated On 10/18/2021, Published on 12/03/2021
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 21 February 2024 12:29:18 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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