DefinitionThe age-adjusted rate of invasive cancer per 100,000 population.
ICD-O codes: C00-C97
NumeratorNumber of persons with invasive cancer
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Data Interpretation IssuesICD-O codes for site-specific cancers:
*Lung and Bronchus: C34.0-C34.9
*Melanoma of the Skin: C44.0-C44.9
*Urinary Bladder: C67.0-C67.9
*Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: C77.0-C77.9 plus other organs
*Corpus Uteri: C54.0-C54.9
Why Is This Important?In New Jersey, approximately 25,500 men and 26,000 women were diagnosed with any type of invasive cancer in 2016. The risk of developing cancer can be reduced with healthy lifestyle choices like avoiding tobacco, limiting alcohol use, protecting your skin from the sun and avoiding indoor tanning, eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, keeping a healthy weight, and being physically active.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/index.htm ^1^]
How Are We Doing?Over the years, the age-adjusted incidence rate due to invasive cancer has continued to decline for NJ males but has remained fairly steady for NJ females. In the total NJ population and among each racial/ethnic group, males have higher incidence rates compared to females. The age-adjusted incidence rate of total invasive cancer among NJ Black males, which has historically ranked highest for decades, is now trending below White males in recent years. For recent years, county incidence rates range from a low of 389 per 100,000 population in Hudson County to a high of 544 per 100,000 population in Gloucester County.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The New Jersey age-adjusted incidence rate due to invasive cancer has been consistently higher than that of the US for many years, But starting in 2008, the New Jersey and U.S. rates both began a steady decline.
What Is Being Done?A [https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ncccp/ccc_plans.htm Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan] was developed by the Task Force on Cancer Prevention, Early Detection and Treatment in New Jersey which aims to reduce the incidence, illness, and deaths due to cancer among New Jersey residents.