DefinitionThe number of resident deaths per 100,000 population age-adjusted to the US 2000 standard population
NumeratorThe number of resident deaths
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Why Is This Important?Age-adjusted death rates are constructs that show what the level of mortality would be if no changes occurred in the age composition of the population from year to year. Age-adjusted death rates are better than crude death rates as indicators of relative risk when comparing mortality across geographic areas or between gender or racial/ethnic subgroups of the population that have different age compositions.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted death rate had been decreasing fairly steadily until the opioid crisis took hold in 2017. The age-adjusted death rate among Blacks is 1.2 times the rate among Whites, 1.8 times the rate among Hispanics, and 2.8 times the rate among Asians. The age-adjusted death rate among males is 1.4 times the rate among females. Rates vary across New Jersey counties from a low of 518 in Hunterdon County to a high of 913 in Cumberland County.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The New Jersey and US age-adjusted death rates were about the same until the mid-to late-1990s when the New Jersey rate dropped below that of the US.