DefinitionTuberculosis incidence rate per 100,000 population
NumeratorNumber of new tuberculosis cases
DenominatorTotal number of persons in the population
Why Is This Important?If not treated properly, tuberculosis (TB) disease can be fatal. TB bacteria usually attack the lungs but may attack any part of the body. The bacteria are typically spread through the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat expels tiny airborne particles which people nearby can breathe in and become infected. Early detection and treatment of TB are essential to control the spread of the disease and to prevent outbreaks.[https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/default.htm ^1^]
Healthy People Objective: Reduce tuberculosis (TB)U.S. Target: 1.0 new cases per 100,000 population
State Target: 3.2 new cases per 100,000 population
Other Objectives'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TB-1''': Reduce the incidence rate of tuberculosis per 100,000 population to 3.2 among the total population, 0.4 among Whites, 3.8 among Blacks, 5.4 among Hispanics, and 13.3 among Asians.
'''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective TB-1''': Reduce the incidence rate of tuberculosis per 100,000 population to 3.5 among the total population.
''The NJDOH Tuberculosis Control Program does not have funding or personnel for targeted interventions. Because the effectiveness of non-existent interventions can not be determined, there are no targets by race/ethnicity.''
How Are We Doing?The incidence of TB has been generally declining in New Jersey since 1992, the peak year of TB resurgence in the US,^2^ and the Healthy New Jersey 2020 target has been met.
The TB incidence rate is highest among Asians, followed by Hispanics, Blacks, and Whites. The Asian rate is triple the rates among Hispanics and Blacks. The majority of cases among Asians and Hispanics are foreign-born.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The TB incidence rate in New Jersey was 14% above the U.S. rate in 2016 and New Jersey is one of only eight states reporting an incidence rate above the national rate.^2^
What Is Being Done?The [http://www.state.nj.us/health/hivstdtb/tb/ Tuberculosis Control Program] supports TB ambulatory care activities (clinical evaluation, treatment, prevention and epidemiology) at the county, municipal, and institutional level through the provision of health service grant funds, staff, medication, consultation, and education.
The program also collaborates closely with the [http://globaltb.njms.rutgers.edu/ New Jersey Medical School's Global TB Institute] at Rutgers University to provide training.
Health Program Information[http://www.state.nj.us/health/hivstdtb/tb/ NJDOH Tuberculosis Control Program]