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Health Indicator Report of Deaths due to Coronary Heart Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death of men and women in the United States and in New Jersey. Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease and can cause heart attack, angina, heart failure, and arrhythmias.

Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective HDS-1.

Data Sources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Underlying Cause of Death File. CDC WONDER On-line Database accessed at [https://wonder.cdc.gov/Deaths-by-Underlying-Cause.html]
  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [https://www.nj.gov/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

Definition

Deaths with coronary heart disease as the underlying cause of death. ICD-10 codes: I11 (hypertensive heart disease), I20-I25 (ischemic heart disease)

Numerator

Number of deaths due to coronary heart disease

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce coronary heart disease deaths

U.S. Target: 103.4 deaths per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: Not comparable. Healthy People 2020 objective does not include hypertensive heart disease (ICD-10 code I11).

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective HDS-1''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to coronary heart disease per 100,000 standard population to 94.3 for the total population, 99.7 among Whites, 105.7 among Blacks, 59.8 among Hispanics, and 38.9 among Asians. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective HDS-1''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to coronary heart disease per 100,000 standard population to 112.1 for the total population, 115.7 among Whites, 133.8 among Blacks, 62.6 among Hispanics, and 52.9 among Asians.

How Are We Doing?

Age-adjusted death rates due to coronary heart disease have been declining for several decades and as of 2019, the Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) targets had been achieved by all groups. An across-the-board increase in coronary heart disease deaths in 2020 put the rates back above the HNJ2020 targets. However, this was likely due to the COVID-19 pandemic causing delays in medical care and fears of going to the hospital and being exposed to COVID. The age-adjusted coronary heart disease death rate in New Jersey is highest among Blacks, followed in order by Whites, Hispanics, and Asians. The rate among men is 1.8 times the rate among women. County rates range from a low of 73 in Somerset to a high of 174 in Cumberland.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

In 2015, for the first time, New Jersey's age-adjusted death rate due to coronary heart disease was statistically significantly below that of the nation as a whole, and remained so in 2016-2020.

What Is Being Done?

The New Jersey [http://www.nj.gov/health/fhs/chronic/heart-disease-stroke/ Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program] (NJHDSPP) produces models for improving the prevention and management of heart disease and stroke in New Jersey. NJHDSPP uses these models to assist New Jersey-based healthcare organizations in meeting nationally-recognized best practices and standards for the prevention and treatment of heart disease and stroke. NJHDSPP administers federal funding to private and public sector recipients to affect policy and systems level change and seeks partnerships to perform facility and process assessments.

Evidence-based Practices

Living a healthy lifestyle keeps blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels normal and lowers the risk for heart disease and heart attack. More information: [https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/prevention.htm]
Page Content Updated On 08/10/2021, Published on 05/05/2022
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sun, 27 November 2022 13:14:19 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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