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Health Indicator Report of Incidence of Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer among both men and women in the United States.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/statistics/ ^1^] Increases in colorectal cancer screening (which can include the removal of precancerous polyps), have led to decreases in colorectal cancer incidence.

Notes

This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 objective CA-9. Data for White, Black, and Asian/PI do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes persons of any race. *NJ 2020 data are considered preliminary and should not be used in trend analyses; an approximate 10% decrease in the number of cancer cases diagnosed in 2020 compared to 2019, is partly due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients experienced difficulties scheduling medical appointments and cancer screening tests in 2020.

Definition

Age-adjusted incidence rate of cancer of the colon and rectum per 100,000 standard population ICD-O-3 codes: C18.0-C20.9 (excl. types 9590-9992)

Numerator

Number of new cases of invasive colorectal cancer diagnosed

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce invasive colorectal cancer

U.S. Target: 39.9 new cases per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)
State Target: 39.7 new cases per 100,000 population (age-adjusted)

Other Objectives

'''Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective CA-9''': Reduce the age-adjusted incidence rate of invasive colorectal cancer per 100,000 standard population to 39.7 for the total population, 39.8 among Whites, 41.2 among Blacks, 31.2 among Hispanics, and (revised) 21.6 among Asians.

How Are We Doing?

The original Healthy New Jersey 2020 targets were met by 2018 for all populations except Hispanics. Additional years of data will be needed to determine if the decline in rates in 2020 was solely due to decreased screening during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Evidence-based Practices

Screening can find precancerous polyps (abnormal growths in the colon or rectum) so they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure.[https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/sfl/ ^2^]

Available Services

The [http://www.nj.gov/health/ces/public/resources/njceed.shtml New Jersey Cancer Education and Early Detection] (NJCEED) Program provides comprehensive outreach, education and screening services for colorectal cancer.

Health Program Information

NJDOH Cancer Initiatives: [http://nj.gov/health/ces]
Page Content Updated On 02/16/2023, Published on 07/06/2023
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 16 April 2024 18:35:52 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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