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Health Indicator Report of Suicide

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death among Americans and 13th among New Jerseyans. The average annual suicide count among New Jersey residents is about 800 and there are more than twice as many suicides as homicides in the state.

Notes

Data for White, Black, and Asian do not include Hispanics. Hispanic ethnicity includes all races. **Too few deaths to calculate a reliable rate. This is Healthy New Jersey 2020 (HNJ2020) Objective IVP-3.

Data Sources

  • Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health
  • Population Estimates, [http://lwd.state.nj.us/labor/lpa/dmograph/est/est_index.html State Data Center], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development

Definition

Deaths with suicide as the underlying cause. Suicide is defined as death resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. ICD-10 codes: X60-X84, Y87.0

Numerator

Number of deaths due to suicide

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population

Healthy People Objective: Reduce the suicide rate

U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 (age-adjusted)
State Target: 5.9 suicides per 100,000 (age-adjusted)

Other Objectives

'''Revised Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective IVP-3''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to suicide per 100,000 standard population to 5.9 for the total population, 7.0 among Whites, 2.5 among Blacks, 3.5 among Hispanics, and 4.0 among Asians. '''Original Healthy New Jersey 2020 Objective IVP-3''': Reduce the age-adjusted mortality rate due to suicide per 100,000 standard population to 5.9 for the total population, 7.0 among Whites, 2.5 among Blacks, 5.5 among Hispanics, and 4.6 among Asians.

How Are We Doing?

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among New Jersey residents aged 15-24 years and those aged 25-34, fourth among those aged 35-44, and fifth among those aged 45-54. Suicide has been increasing in New Jersey in recent years, going from about 500 deaths in 2005 to 795 in 2017. The majority (56%) of suicides are White males and the age-adjusted death rate among this group is more than double that of most other racial/ethnic/sex groups. County rates per 100,000 population (age-adjusted) in 2016-2018 range from 5.8 in Essex to 13.4 in Warren.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

New Jersey's age-adjusted suicide rate is the second lowest in the nation, after D.C., and is consistently well below the national rate.

What Is Being Done?

In 2013, the [http://www.njhopeline.com/ NJ Hopeline Call Center] was launched to serve as a backup to the [https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org/ National Suicide Prevention Lifeline] network during times of excess call volume or after the Lifeline Crisis Centers' operating hours. The New Jersey [http://www.sprc.org/sites/default/files/New%20Jersey%202015-preventionplan.pdf Strategy for Youth Suicide Prevention 2015] was developed by community partners and the [https://www.nj.gov/dcf/providers/boards/njyspac/ New Jersey Youth Suicide Prevention Advisory Council] to guide the State's efforts to prevent youth suicides and the [http://www.sprc.org/sites/default/files/New%20Jersey%20Adult%20Suicide%20Prevention%20Plan%20Final%202014-17.pdf Adult Suicide Prevention Plan 2014-2017] from the NJ Division of Mental Health and Addiction Services contains strategies and actions in addition to crisis responses for the specific concerns related to adult suicide. The next Adult Suicide Prevention Plan 2018-2023 is nearly finalized, and features the [https://zerosuicide.sprc.org/ Zero Suicide Initiative]. The Governor's Study Commission on Violence [http://nj.gov/oag/newsreleases15/pr20151013a.html released a report] of recommendations to the Governor on ways to combat all types of violence from a public health perspective in October, 2015. The New Jersey Department of Health maintains the [http://www.nj.gov/health/chs/njvdrs/ New Jersey Violent Death Reporting System] (NJVDRS), a CDC-funded surveillance system that tracks suicides, homicides, unintentional firearm deaths, injury deaths of undetermined intent, and deaths by legal intervention and is used to educate public health and public safety professionals in the state and inform their interventions and decision-making, with the ultimate goal of reducing the incidence of violent deaths. NJVDRS is part of the [https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nvdrs/index.html National Violent Death Reporting System].

Available Services

NJ Hopeline: 1-855-654-6735 or [https://njhopeline.com/talk-to-us-by-chat/ Online Chat] National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or [http://chat.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/GetHelp/LifelineChat.aspx Lifeline Chat] NJ Division of Mental Health and Addiction Services [https://nj.gov/humanservices/dmhas/home/hotlines/#4 Hotlines]
Page Content Updated On 10/29/2020, Published on 10/29/2020
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's NJSHAD web site (https://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 25 November 2020 9:47:22 from Department of Health, New Jersey State Health Assessment Data Web site: https://nj.gov/health/shad ".

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